Transformation to a Non-fossil Society by 2050—the Swedish Case of the Stockholm-Mälar Region
Liljenström H, Svedin U
Swedish University of agricultural Sciences (SLU), Stockholm University (SU)
The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) and Stockholm University (SU) are members of the EU COMPLEX Project (2012-2016) together with 17 other European research institutions, including IIASA. The Swedish research Groups at SLU and SU (involving at SU the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences as well as the Stockholm Resilience Center) are jointly examining the issue of how a European sub-national region, in this case the Stockholm-Mälar region, can be transformed to a non-fossil society by the year of 2050 (This constitutes the wp4 of the EU Project). The charge is to investigate central policy issues related to the transition of this region as well as the institutional framing and stakeholder positions. The work explores both the conditions and mechanisms for the transition as well as decision-support tools for actions at various levels. As the societal change has to take place at several levels in society at the same time (e.g., municipal, county, regional, and national levels) against a European general policy contextual frame, the systems analysis considerations involve multiple-level governance, multiple-actor and stakeholder and multi-sectoral considerations. It also balances qualitative and quantitative systems approaches as well as encompassing a combination of perspectives from natural science, economics, social science, and the humanities as well as technology in a futures systems frame. The work therefore exemplifies systems analysis approaches in several ways and has as its thematic target a key central systems challenge for the future of a sustainable world, that is, transforming our society so climate change at global level can halted latest by 2050. To meet this challenge regional prototypes of ambitions, plans, and ways to formulate strategies will be of high general interest.